Cabinet of Israel

Governing authority of the State of Israel

Government of Israel
ממשלת ישראל
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StateState of Israel
LeaderPrime Minister
Appointed byThe Prime Minister is formally appointed by the President of the State after consultation with parties in the Knesset. Other ministers are directly appointed by the Prime Minister.
Responsible toKnesset
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The Cabinet of Israel (officially: Hebrew: ממשלת ישראל Memshelet Yisrael) exercises executive authority in the State of Israel. It consists of ministers who are chosen and led by the prime minister. The composition of the government must be approved by a vote of confidence in the Knesset (the Israeli parliament). Under Israeli law, the prime minister may dismiss members of the government, but must do so in writing, and new appointees must be approved by the Knesset. Most ministers lead ministries, though some are ministers without portfolio. Most ministers are members of the Knesset, though only the Prime Minister and the "designated acting prime minister" are required to be Knesset members. Some ministers are also called deputy and vice prime ministers. Unlike the designated acting prime minister, these roles have no statutory meanings. The government operates in accordance with the Basic Law. It meets on Sundays weekly in Jerusalem. There may be additional meetings if circumstances require it.

Use of terms

The body discussed in this article is referred to in Israeli official documents as the Government of Israel. This is in accordance to the normal translation of its Hebrew name, (Hebrew: ממשלה, Memshala). In Israel, the term cabinet (Hebrew: קבינט) is generally used for the State-Security Cabinet (Hebrew: הקבינט המדיני-ביטחוני HaKabinet haMedini-Bitachoni), a smaller forum of cabinet members that decides on defense and foreign policy issues and may consist of up to half of the (full) cabinet members. Another term in use is the Kitchen Cabinet (Hebrew: המטבחון, HaMitbahon, lit. "The kitchenette"), a collection of senior officials, or unofficial advisers to the Security Cabinet of Israel.

Provisional and first governments of Israel

The first government was the provisional government of Israel (HaMemshala HaZmanit) which governed from shortly before independence until the formation of the first formal government in March 1949 following the first Knesset elections in January that year. It was formed as the People's Administration (Minhelet HaAm) on 12 April 1948, in preparation for independence just over a month later. All its thirteen members were taken from Moetzet HaAm, the temporary legislative body set up at the same time.

Current government

The thirty-sixth government of Israel (Hebrew: מֶמְשֶׁלֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל הַשְׁלוֹשִׁים וְשְׁשׁ, romanized: Mem'shelet Yisra'el HaShloshim VeShesh) is the current government of Israel, which was sworn in on 13 June 2021.

See also

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External links

  • Current and past cabinets – Knesset website (in English)
  • Basic Law: The Government (2001) – Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in English)
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Prime Minister: Yair Lapid
  • Hamad Amar (Finance Ministry)
  • Omer Bar-Lev (Internal Security)
  • Orna Barbivai (Economy)
  • Naftali Bennett (Community Affairs)
  • Meir Cohen (Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services)
  • Meirav Cohen (Social Equality)
  • Karine Elharrar (National Infrastructure, Energy and Water)
  • Ze'ev Elkin (Minister of Housing and Construction, Minister of Jerusalem Affairs and Heritage)
  • Orit Farkash-Hacohen (Science and Technology)
  • Oded Forer (Agriculture and Rural Development, Development of the Negev and Galilee)
  • Issawi Frej (Regional Cooperation)
  • Benny Gantz (Defense)
  • Yoaz Hendel (Communications)
  • Nitzan Horowitz (Health)
  • Matan Kahana (Religious Services)
  • Naftali Bennett (Foreign Affairs, Alternate Prime Minister)
  • Avigdor Lieberman (Finance)
  • Merav Michaeli (Transportation)
  • Yoel Razvozov (Tourism)
  • Gideon Sa'ar (Justice)
  • Nachman Shai (Diaspora Affairs)
  • Ayelet Shaked (Interior)
  • Yifat Shasha-Biton (Education)
  • Elazar Stern (Intelligence)
  • Pnina Tamano-Shata (Aliyah and Integration)
  • Hili Tropper (Culture and Sport)
  • Tamar Zandberg (Environmental Protection)
  • Abir Kara (PM's Office)
  • Alon Schuster (Defense)
  • Idan Roll (Foreign Affairs)
  • Yoav Segalovich (Internal Security)
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